What front end web automation to use?

I haven’t touched front end web automation for a few years now, but I see some potential use cases in my current project where it can come in handy.
We’re already leveraging API’s wherever possible, so looking for recommendations (with motivation) specifically front end web automation tools.

When I left the seen, Selenium was all the craze.
I know about tools like:

  • Cypress
  • Puppeteer
  • Playwright

Are there others I don’t yet know of?
Which one do yo recommend, and why?

1 Like

Where to start?

  • As you know, the pain of Selenium is the altitude the tool sits at, since it’s not a “test” tool, and their vague release cycle, we are still waiting for a GA on Selenium 4.X.
  • If I were new on this (I am still relatively new) I would take a good look at Serenity-DBB , in Java
  • If I was a .NET shop, I would go Boa Constrictor

Do you have/want a mobile app? I mean surely everyone does nowadays. What limitations does your development environment place on you in terms of security?


Thanks for that feedback @conrad.braam . Yeah, not a big fan of Selenium anymore (though for a while it was the best we had).
My Java is a bit rusty, but will take a look at Serenity-DBB. No .NET in sight, so the Boa Constrictor will have to stay in its cage.

What I’m targeting is an internal web site, so no mobile app. As it is internal, I’m relatively unobstructed with regards to security


Hmmm, I felt truly bless when I escaped the world of UI automation! But, in the near future I might need to do a bit of UI automation again. I will (try) avoid using Selenium, since the app is not very complex and Cypress could be a better choice - I think it will be a smooth sailing.

Also, I heard good things about Test Café - those two geezers from AB podcast seem to like it too. I haven’t tried it myself yet, but, recently I watched a presentation (at the SauceCon conference) by Don Wibier, and that kind sparked my interest in the Test Café. All that is left if to find the time (and will) to try it out!

Here’s an overview video of it:

EDIT: I plan to check out this course as well:


I also heard some good things about test-café. I haven’t used it yet but might just try a little project myself.
Does anyone here have experience with it? I would love to see some opinions.

We are currently using Cypress for front-end automation. Protractor was to unstable & becoming deprecated. Selenium is selenium … so Cypress it is! :slight_smile:

That being said I’ve started googling Cypress vs Test Cafe and found this: Evaluating Cypress and TestCafe for end to end testing | YLD Blog. A nice comparison and I honestly thought he would pick Cypress above Test Cafe but he didn’t :stuck_out_tongue: Of course this is just 1 article and 1 mans opinion.


Thanks @mirza and @kristof , TestCafe is on the list to evaluate


Front end web automation is an important aspect and there are few tools come in handy when we need to choose a suitable one for our need. There’s been a lot of discussion about the future of Selenium Webdriver when there are so many new kids on the block in terms of framework choices. Selenium WebDriver is by far, still the most widely used web automation tool with 75% of our users executing their tests with this framework. Web application testing tools helps you to remove Use test cases to detect bugs and save time. Unlike manual testing, automatic test cases make testing faster, which means you can deploy products to market more quickly. Use software programs to test applications and minimize the chance of human error.

Besides being the tried and true web automation framework for over a decade, Selenium WebDriver also supports all major browsers (Chrome, IE, Edge, Firefox, and Safari) and boasts support for Java, Python, C#, Ruby, JavaScript, and Kotlin whereas most other web automation tools only provide support for a limited number of browsers and a single programming language.

There are some other tools available:

  1. Cypress: Leading the pack is relative newcomer, Cypress, with just shy of half (47%) of JavaScript users choosing this tool for their web testing. This is quite impressive, considering up as compared to last year (February 2020), Cypress’ browser support was limited to Chrome only.

  2. WebdriverIO: WebdriverIO, which is an independent JavaScript implementation of the WebDriver API, comes in second place with 25% of our JS users choosing this framework for their test automation needs.

  3. WebDriverJS: Selenium WebDriver’s official JavaScript implementation, WebDriverJS, is close behind with 23% of JavaScript tests being executed with this tool.

  4. TestCafe: After the Big Three of JavaScript web automation tools, comes newcomer, TestCafe, with 5%. However, it is gaining the popularity fast and more people are choosing it.

  5. Playwright: The youngest web automation framework in the race is Playwright by Microsoft. Playwright has only been available for a few months and people have already started using it.


Hi Peet,

Did you evaluate the tools ? I’m very interested to know which one you chose and why :+1:

1 Like

Hi @enrico_gua ,
Yes I did evaluate them, and in the end I settled with Cypress. For the following reasons:

  • Wanted to push myself to learn JavaScript
  • Amount of community support available
  • Amount of documentation and tutorials available

We use testcafe for majority of front end automation in my company, it’s also the first ever front end automation tool I used. Personally I think it’s great but I have only selenium web driver to compare.


What are your Pro’s & Con’s for testcafe? :slight_smile: